V1 love-简爱 声望 2 化工 2022-11-29 22:53:56 上传
IGF-1 receptor as an alternative receptor for metabolic signaling in insulin receptor-deficient muscle cells
Abstract We have derived skeletal muscle cell lines from wild-type (wt) and insulin receptor (IR) knockout mice to unravel the metabolic potential of IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R). Both wt and IR−/− myoblasts differentiated into myotubes with similar patterns of expression of muscle-specific genes such as MyoD, myogenin and MLC1A indicating that IR is not required for this process. Binding of 125I-IGF-1 on wt and IR−/− myotubes was similar showing that IGF-1R was not upregulated in the absence of IR. Stimulation of IR−/− myotubes with IGF-1 (10−10 to 10−7 M) increased glucose uptake and incorporation into glycogen, induced IRS-1 phosphorylation and activated PI 3-kinase and MAP kinase, two enzymes of major signaling pathways. These effects were comparable to those obtained with wt myotubes using insulin or IGF-1 or with IR−/− myotubes using insulin at higher concentrations. This study provides a direct evidence that IGF-1R can represent an alternative receptor for metabolic signaling in muscle cells.
V1 李冀夫 声望 1 遗传学和遗传工程系 2022-11-29 22:17:10 上传
Tsp66E, the Drosophila KAI1 homologue, and Tsp74F function to regulate ovarian follicle cell and wing development by stabilizing integrin localization
Abstract The metastasis suppressor KAI1/CD82 has been implicated in various cellular processes; however, its function in development is not fully understood. Here, we generated and characterized mutants of Tsp66E and Tsp74F, which are Drosophila homologues of KAI1/CD82 and Tspan11, respectively. These mutants exhibited egg elongation defects along with disturbed integrin localization and actin polarity. Moreover, the defects were enhanced by mutation of inflated, an αPS2 integrin gene. Mutant ovaries had elevated αPS2 integrin levels and reduced endocytic trafficking. These results suggest that Drosophila KAI1/CD82 affects the polarized localization and the level of integrin, which may contribute to epithelial cell polarity.
V1 柳百成 声望 0 2022-11-29 22:14:37 上传
RNA interference (RNAi) induction with various types of synthetic oligonucleotide duplexes in cultured human cells
Abstract Various types of synthetic oligonucleotide duplexes against the Photinus luciferase gene were tested on their induction of the sequence-specific RNA interference (RNAi) activity in transfected human cells. Results indicate that RNA duplexes with ribonucleotide 3′ overhangs rather than those with deoxyribonucleotide 3′ overhangs induce more efficient RNAi activity, and that sense-stranded DNA/antisense-stranded RNA hybrids induce a moderate RNAi activity. These results suggest that there is a difference in the potential of oligonucleotide duplexes to be RNAi mediators, i.e. short interfering RNAs (siRNAs), between human RNAi and invertebrate RNAi. The data further show that different siRNAs induce different levels of RNAi.
V3 动次打次666 声望 29 生物技术 2022-11-29 21:40:51 上传
cAMP signalling decreases p300 protein levels by promoting its ubiquitin/proteasome dependent degradation via Epac and p38 MAPK in lung cancer cells
Abstract The transcriptional coactivator p300 functions as a histone acetyltransferase and a scaffold for transcription factors. We investigated the effect of cAMP signalling on p300 expression. The activation of cAMP signalling by the expression of constitutively active Gαs or by treatment with isoproterenol decreased the p300 protein expression in lung cancer cells. Isoproterenol promoted the ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of p300 in an Epac-dependent manner. Epac promoted p300 degradation by inhibiting the activity of p38 MAPK. It is concluded that cAMP signalling decreases the level of the p300 protein by promoting its ubiquitin–proteasome dependent degradation, which is mediated by Epac and p38 MAPK, in lung cancer cells.
V2 杨涛 声望 8 遗传学和遗传工程系 2022-11-29 21:40:30 上传
Extracellular heat shock protein 70 mediates heat stress-induced epidermal growth factor receptor transactivation in A431 carcinoma cells
Abstract The initial steps of heat stress in A431 cells were previously characterized by ligand-independent EGFR transactivation via an unknown mechanism and concomitant secretion of Hsp70. In this work we demonstrate that the depletion of Hsp70 from the conditioned medium of heated cells abolishes EGFR transactivation indicating that secreted Hsp70 is essential for EGFR transactivation during heat shock. This notion is supported by the findings that purified Hsp70 can induce EGFR transactivation and the activation of EGFR-dependent signaling pathways. Both heat stress and pure Hsp70 stimulate activation of TLR2/4 and their association with EGFR. These results suggest that the secreted Hsp70 mediates the cross-communication of TLR and EGFR signaling systems in A431 cells.
V1 贾志强 声望 1 生物信息学与生物统计学 2022-11-29 21:32:46 上传
Characterisation of enkephalinase (EC activity on various leukemic cells expressing the common acute lymphocytic leukemia antigen (CALLA)
Abstract The deduced amino acid sequences of CALLA, a cell surface marker of human acute lymphocytic leukemia, and human enkephalinase (neutral endopeptidase, EC were recently reported to be almost identical. We show that membranes of CALLA+ cells of the REH lymphoblastic cell line as well as blast cells derived from the blood or bone marrow of patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia display high enkephalinase activity. This activity was abrogated by several enkephalinase inhibitors at concentrations closely similar to those required to inhibit pure human enkephalinase. However, these compounds did not significantly modify the rate of REH cell proliferation in vitro. Hence, the functional role, if any, of the high peptidase activity in lymphoblastic cells remains to be established.
V1 Alaizabel 声望 1 生物科学与生物技术 2022-11-29 21:20:18 上传
Paclitaxel targets mitochondria upstream of caspase activation in intact human neuroblastoma cells
Abstract We previously reported that paclitaxel acted directly on mitochondria isolated from human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells. Here, we demonstrate that the direct mitochondrial effect of paclitaxel observed in vitro is relevant in intact SK-N-SH cells. After a 2 h incubation with 1 μM paclitaxel, the mitochondria were less condensed. Paclitaxel (1 μM, 1–4 h) also induced a 20% increase in respiration rate and a caspase-independent production of reactive oxygen species by mitochondria. The paclitaxel-induced release of cytochrome c was detected only after 24 h of incubation, was caspase-independent and permeability transition pore-dependent. Thus, paclitaxel targets mitochondria upstream of caspase activation, early during the apoptotic process in intact human neuroblastoma cells.
V1 Beau 声望 1 植物生物技术 2022-11-29 21:16:26 上传
Characterization of the kinetics of neural cell adhesion molecule homophilic binding
Abstract A solid-phase assay has been developed for the investigation of the kinetics of neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) binding. Using this assay we can show that NCAM binds to itself in a time-dependent and saturable manner. Binding constants (KB values) of 6.9 × 10−8 M and 1.23 × 10−6 M, respectively, were obtained for adult and newborn rat NCAM homophilic binding. Binding is specifically inhibited by Fab′ fragments of polyclonal anti-NCAM antibodies but is unaffected by heparin or chondroitin sulphate. This indicates that the NCAM homophilic binding site is separate from and independent of the heparin-binding site and that a developmental modification, probably polysialation, gives rise to marked differences in the adhesive properties of NCAM.
V2 地道风物 声望 11 生物技术 2022-11-29 20:59:05 上传
Preparation and neutralization characteristics of an antibody to the factor inducing differentiation of mouse myeloid leukemic cells
Abstract Mouse myeloid leukemic M1 cells can be induced to differentiate into macrophages and granulocytes in vitro by a protein inducer (D-factor) in body fluids and conditioned media from various cells and tissues. Antiserum to D-factor was prepared by immunizing a rabbit with D-factor partially purified from conditioned medium of mouse L929 cells. At 1:20 dilution, the antiserum nearly completely suppressed the activities of various D-factor preparations from mice and partially suppressed the activities of preparations from rats and hamsters. It did not cross-react with factors stimulating colony formation of macrophages and granulocytes from normal bone marrow cells.
V1 陈亚静 声望 1 生物科学与技术系 2022-11-29 20:57:33 上传
Production of the cysteine proteinase inhibitor cystatin C by rat Sertoli cells
Abstract The Sertoli cells of the rat testis produce cystatin C, a cysteine proteinase inhibitor. Primary culture of Sertoli cells secreted both unglycosylated and glycosylated forms of rat cystatin C. Despite the low concentration of cystatin C in rete testis fluid, equilibrium dissociation constants (K1) for the interaction between cystatin C and lysosomal cathepsins indicate that this molecule could be involved in the local regulation of testicular cysteine proteinase activity which may be necessary for spermatogenesis and spermiogenesis.