V2 一张拉灯 声望 23 生物工程 2018-12-16 04:24:19 上传
Aberrant expression and function of p53 in T-cells immortalized by HTLV-I Tax1
Abstract The expression and function of p53 tumor suppressor protein was investigated in T-cells immortalized by the Tax1 protein of HTLV-I. Conformationally wild-type p53 was expressed at elevated levels in Tax1-immortalized T-cells by post-transcriptional mechanisms when compared with normal T-cells. Luciferase assays with a reporter plasmid containing p53-binding sites revealed an impairment in the transactivating function of p53 in Tax1-immortalized T-cells. Our results suggest an important role for Tax1 in the aberrant expression and function of p53 observed in many HTLV-I transformed cells.
V1 贾志强 声望 1 生物信息学与生物统计学 2018-12-16 04:07:30 上传
Characterisation of enkephalinase (EC 3.4.24.11) activity on various leukemic cells expressing the common acute lymphocytic leukemia antigen (CALLA)
Abstract The deduced amino acid sequences of CALLA, a cell surface marker of human acute lymphocytic leukemia, and human enkephalinase (neutral endopeptidase, EC 3.4.24.11) were recently reported to be almost identical. We show that membranes of CALLA+ cells of the REH lymphoblastic cell line as well as blast cells derived from the blood or bone marrow of patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia display high enkephalinase activity. This activity was abrogated by several enkephalinase inhibitors at concentrations closely similar to those required to inhibit pure human enkephalinase. However, these compounds did not significantly modify the rate of REH cell proliferation in vitro. Hence, the functional role, if any, of the high peptidase activity in lymphoblastic cells remains to be established.
V1 5-11 声望 2 2018-12-16 03:57:58 上传
Mitochondrial and cytosolic expression of human peroxiredoxin 5 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae protect yeast cells from oxidative stress induced by paraquat
Abstract Human peroxiredoxin 5 is a recently discovered mitochondrial, peroxisomal and cytosolic thioredoxin peroxidase able to reduce hydrogen peroxide and alkyl hydroperoxides. To gain insight into peroxiredoxin 5 antioxidant role in cell protection, we investigated the resistance of yeast cells expressing human peroxiredoxin 5 in mitochondria or in the cytosol against oxidative stress induced by paraquat. The herbicide paraquat is a redox active drug known to generate superoxide anions in mitochondria and the cytosol of yeast and mammalian cells leading to the formation of several reactive oxygen species. Here, we report that mitochondrial and cytosolic human peroxiredoxin 5 protect yeast cells from cytotoxicity and lipid peroxidation induced by paraquat.
V2 念念不忘 声望 23 2018-12-16 03:50:06 上传
ADP-evoked phospholipase C stimulation and adenylyl cyclase inhibition in glioma C6 cells occur through two distinct nucleotide receptors, P2Y1 and P2Y12
Abstract In this study we characterized the subtypes of nucleotide P2Y receptors that respond to ADP in glioma C6 cells. Direct visualization of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate at the cell surface revealed that extracellular ADP activates phospholipase C (PLC). Knock-down of P2Y1 receptor with antisense oligonucleotide, as well as treatment with MRS2179 and pyridoxal-phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonic acid (P2Y1 antagonists), attenuates receptor-mediated PLC activity. Adenylyl cyclase inhibition by ADP remains unchanged under these conditions. Reverse transcription-PCR analysis showed that P2Y12 receptor is expressed in C6 cells. We therefore conclude that, in glioma C6 cells, two P2Y receptor subtypes are present: P2Y1, coupled to PLC, and P2Y12, negatively coupled to adenylyl cyclase.
V2 从一哥哥 声望 19 生物信息学与生物统计学 2018-12-16 03:45:54 上传
HIF-1α protein is upregulated in HIF-2α depleted cells via enhanced translation
Abstract The hypoxia-inducible factors HIF-1 and HIF-2 are primarily regulated via stabilization of their respective α-subunits under hypoxic conditions. Previously, compensatory upregulation of one HIF-α-subunit upon depletion of the other α-subunit was described, yet the underlying mechanism remained elusive. Here we provide evidence that enhanced HIF-1α protein expression in HIF-2α knockdown (k/d) cells neither results from elevated HIF-1α mRNA expression, nor from increased HIF-1α protein stability. Instead, we identify enhanced HIF-1α translation as molecular mechanism. Moreover, we found elevated levels of the RNA-binding protein HuR and provide evidence that HuR is critical for the compensatory HIF-1α regulation in HIF-2α k/d cells.
V1 程强 声望 1 动物生物技术 2018-12-16 03:29:43 上传
Molecular cloning of rat GADD45γ, gene induction and its role during neuronal cell death
Abstract To study the molecular mechanism of neuronal cell death, we carried out the screening of genes which were induced during the neuronal cell death of neuronal PC12. We cloned the cDNA of rat GADD45γ, the third member of the GADD45 family. Induction of GADD45γ mRNA was observed in the neuronal cell death caused by depletion of neurotrophic factor and Ca2+ ionophore treatment. Overexpression of GADD45γ in superior cervical ganglion neurons caused cell death. These results suggest that GADD45γ plays an important role in neuronal cell death.
V1 黄不会 声望 1 微生物学与微生物工程系 2018-12-16 03:02:31 上传
c-Myc-mediated expression of nucleophosmin/B23 decreases during retinoic acid-induced differentiation of human leukemia HL-60 cells
Abstract The retinoic acid-induced differentiation of human leukemia HL-60 cells towards mature granulocytic cells was accompanied by the decline in the protein levels of c-myc, nucleophosmin/B23 and its promoter activity. These RA-induced effects were further enhanced by the concurrent treatment of HL-60 cells with p38 map kinase inhibitor SB203580 (SB). It seems that there is a strong correlation of nucleophosmin/B23 and c-Myc expressions in cells under RA treatment. Furthermore, nucleophosmin/B23 promoter activity decreased upon c-Myc antisense-mediated reduction of intracellular amount of c-Myc. CHIP assays showed that binding of c-Myc to the nucleophosmin/B23 promoter decreased in RA-treated cells. Thus, nucleophosmin/B23 expression is targeted by c-Myc during RA-induced differentiation. These results provide evidence for a novel mechanism of transcriptional downregulation of nucleophosmin/B23 and the functional role of c-Myc in RA-induced differentiation.
V2 江山如画 声望 34 2018-12-16 02:17:35 上传
Expression of bovine leukemia virus ENV glycoprotein in insect cells by recombinant baculovirus
Abstract The gp51-p30 glycoprotein constituting BLV envelope was expressed in Sf-21 insect cells by means of recombinant baculoviruses. Post-infection cell lysates were analyzed, in order to define the immunologic reactivity of recombinant products. Oligosaccharide chains, containing N-acetylglucosamine, mannose, galactose and sialic acid were found on recombinant gp51-p30. In order to investigate the timing of transcription and translation of the glycoprotein, kinetic assays were carried out on cell lysates and directly in situ on Sf-21 cells during the course of baculovirus infection. The use of different solubilizing reagents was also evaluated in order to rescue recombinant glycoprotein from its subcellular location.
V1 温诗铸 声望 1 2018-12-16 02:17:23 上传
Human amnion epithelial cells assemble tenascins and three fibronectin isoforms in the extracellular matrix
Abstract Monoclonal antibodies (MAb) were used to show that cultured human amnion epithelial (HuA) cells produce tenascins (Tn) and isoforms of cellular fibronectin (cFn). Tn polypeptides of Mr 280,000 and 190,000, assembled into extracellular matrix (ECM) but not secreted into the culture medium by HuA cells, were electrophoretically similar to those produced by human fibroblasts as revealed with domain-specific MAbs. The results suggested that most Fn produced by HuA cells contained the extradomain (ED) A and an oncofetal domain but only a minor fraction EDB. In immunofluorescence Tn and Fn were seen in different cytoplasmie granules upon monensin-induced intracellular accumulation. Tn appeared to be deposited in the ECM in colocalization with Fn but distinctly slower. The present results show that cultured normal human epithelial cells synthesize Tn and three isoforms of cFn and secrete them by using different cytoplasmie pathways.
V2 王佩瑶 声望 9 遗传学和遗传工程系 2018-12-16 01:11:27 上传
Integrated genome-wide gene expression map and high-resolution analysis of aberrant chromosomal regions in squamous cell lung cancer
Abstract The recognition of recurrent aberrant regions in cancer is important to the discovery of candidate cancer related genes. Here we first constructed a genome-wide gene expression map of squamous lung carcinoma from the Stanford Microarray Database. High-resolution detection of aberrant chromosomal regions was performed by using moving-median method. 84% (27 of 32) of our results were consistent with the previous studies of comparative genomic hybridization or loss of heterozygosity. One overrepresented region in Xq28 was newly discovered to be related to squamous cell lung carcinoma. These observations could be of great interest for further studies.
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