V2 寻麦 声望 18 生物科学与生物技术 2019-04-23 22:03:57 上传
Inhibitory role of polyunsaturated fatty acids on lysophosphatidic acid-induced cancer cell migration and adhesion
Abstract Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have important pharmacological effects on mammalian cells. Here, we show that carboxyl group-containing PUFAs inhibit lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-induced focal adhesion formation, thereby inhibiting migration and adhesion. Carboxyl group-containing PUFAs inhibit LPA-induced calcium mobilization, whereas ethyl ester-group containing PUFAs have no effect. In addition, carboxyl group-containing PUFAs functionally inhibit LPA-dependent RhoA activation. Given these results, we suggest that PUFAs may inhibit LPA-induced calcium/RhoA signaling pathways leading to focal adhesion formation. Carboxyl group-containing PUFAs may have a functional role in this regulatory mechanism.
V1 李金 声望 1 动物资源科学 2019-04-23 22:03:54 上传
Differentiation of circulating endothelial progenitor cells to a cardiomyogenic phenotype depends on E-cadherin
Abstract Progenitor cells may contribute to cardiac regeneration. Here, we investigated the role of cadherins and integrins for differentiation of human adult circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) into cardiomyocytes (CM) in a co-culture system. N- and E-cadherin were expressed in EPCs and were localized at the interface between EPCs and CM. Incubation of a blocking antibody against E-cadherin reduced the expression of CM marker protein in EPCs. Blocking antibodies against N- or P-cadherin or the β1- and β2-integrins were not effective. These data suggested that cell-to-cell communication mediated by E-cadherin contributes to the acquirement of a cardiomyogenic phenotype of human endothelial progenitor cells.
V2 曼珠沙花 声望 6 生物信息学 2019-04-23 21:42:55 上传
MIR146A inhibits JMJD3 expression and osteogenic differentiation in human mesenchymal stem cells
Abstract Chromatin remodeling is important for cell differentiation. Histone methyltransferase EZH2 and histone demethylase JMJD3 (KDM6B) modulate levels of histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3). Interplay between the two modulators influence lineage specification in stem cells. Here, we identified microRNA MIR146A to be a negative regulator of JMJD3. In the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), we observed an upregulation of JMJD3 and a downregulation of MIR146A. Blocking JMJD3 activity in differentiating hMSCs reduced transcript levels of osteogenic gene RUNX2. H3K27me3 levels decreased at the RUNX2 promoter during cell differentiation. Modulation of MIR146A levels in hMSCs altered JMJD3 and RUNX2 expression and affected osteogenic differentiation. We conclude that JMJD3 promotes osteogenesis in differentiating hMSCs, with MIR146A regulating JMJD3.
V1 Blaine 声望 1 生物信息学 2019-04-23 21:35:52 上传
Huaier suppresses proliferation and induces apoptosis in human pulmonary cancer cells via upregulation of miR-26b-5p
Abstract Various studies have reported that Huaier possesses anti-tumor effects. However, the mechanisms are not completely elucidated. Here, we found 66 differentially expressed miRNAs in Huaier-treated pulmonary adenocarcinoma A549 cells, with upregulation of miR-26b-5p. Transfection of A549 cells with miR-26b-5p mimic inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis, while transfection of Huaier-treated A549 cells with a miR-26b-5p inhibitor reversed the effects of Huaier. EZH2 was verified as the target of miR-26b-5p. Thus, our findings indicate that Huaier might suppress proliferation and induce apoptosis in lung cancer cells via a miR-26b-5p-EZH2-mediated approach, which provides a new perspective for understanding the anti-tumor effects of Huaier.
V2 curcify 声望 50 2019-04-23 21:30:25 上传
Cloud real-time single-elimination tournament chart system
The authors have developed a cloud real-time single-elimination tournament chart system. The user can easily create a tournament online. Each team can easily sign up in the system. The tournament scheduling can draw online and draw real-time match score. According to the time setting, the system establishes a timetable figure. The users can download this timetable to a client computer and use Microsoft Excel to modify the table number, date and time cells. After the modification has been updated, the users can upload the timetable to the cloud system. Finally, this system enables everyone to watch the tournament charts online. After the match finishes, the computer operator inputs the score of each match. The cloud system will compute the tournament charts and progress to the next event match. This system is a complete cloud real-time single-elimination tournament chart system.
V3 肖龙 声望 6 数学 2019-04-23 20:56:03 上传
Gpn1 and Gpn3 associate tightly and their protein levels are mutually dependent in mammalian cells
Abstract Gpn1 and Gpn3 are GTPases individually required for nuclear targeting of RNA polymerase II. Here we show that whereas Gpn3-EYFP distributed between the cytoplasm and cell nucleus, it was mainly cytoplasmic when coexpressed with Gpn1-Flag. Gpn3-Flag retained Gpn1-EYFP in the cytoplasm. However, Gpn3-EYFP/Gpn1-Flag nucleocytoplasmic shuttling was revealed after inhibiting nuclear export with leptomycin B. All Gpn3-EYFP coimmunoprecipitated with Gpn1-Flag, and all Gpn1-EYFP with Gpn3-Flag. Importantly, most endogenous Gpn1 and Gpn3 also associate. Gpn1–Gpn3 interaction was essential to maintain steady-state protein levels of both GTPases. We propose that most Gpn1 and Gpn3 associate, are mobilized, and function as a protein complex.
V1 李德平 声望 1 遗传学和遗传工程系 2019-04-23 20:46:00 上传
Palmitate increases Nur77 expression by modulating ZBP89 and Sp1 binding to the Nur77 proximal promoter in pancreatic β-cells
Abstract Nur77 is a stress sensor in pancreatic β-cells, which negatively regulates glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. We recently showed that a lipotoxic shock caused by exposure of β-cells to the saturated fatty acid palmitate strongly increases Nur77 expression. Here, using dual luciferase reporter assays and Nur77 promoter deletion constructs, we identified a regulatory cassette between −1534 and −1512 bp upstream from the translational start site mediating Nur77 promoter activation in response to palmitate exposure. Chromatin immunoprecipitation, transient transfection and siRNA-mediated knockdown assays revealed that palmitate induced Nur77 promoter activation involves Sp1 recruitment and ZBP89 release from the gene promoter.
V2 孔济夫 声望 6 生物科学 2019-04-23 20:22:50 上传
MicroRNA profiling during rat ventricular maturation: A role for miR-29a in regulating cardiomyocyte cell cycle re-entry
Abstract Recent studies demonstrated that the mammalian heart possesses some capacity to proliferate. We observed cardiomyocyte proliferation within 4 weeks of age (P4W) in rats. We found 95 microRNAs that are differentially expressed in P4W cardiomyocytes. MicroRNA-29a was among the most highly up-regulated microRNAs in P4W cardiomyocytes. Overexpression of microRNA-29a suppressed the proliferation of H9c2 cell line. MicroRNA-29a inhibition induced cardiomyocytes to proliferate, accelerated the G1/S and G2/M transition, and up-regulated the cell cycle gene expression. Cyclin D2 (CCND2) was identified as a direct target of microRNA-29a. These findings indicate that microRNA-29a is involved in cardiomyocyte proliferation during postnatal development.
V1 妖无格 声望 3 微生物学与微生物工程系 2019-04-23 19:26:37 上传
Identification of nucleolar effects in JNK-deficient cells
Abstract The c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signalling pathway has an established role in cellular stress signalling, cell survival and tumorigenesis. Here, we demonstrate that inhibition of JNK signalling results in partial delocalization of the RNA helicase DDX21 from the nucleolus to the nucleoplasm, increased nucleolar mobility of DDX21 and inhibition of rRNA processing. Furthermore, our results show that JNK signalling regulates DDX21 phosphorylation and protein expression. In conclusion, the results presented in this study reveal a previously unidentified cellular role for JNK signalling in the regulation of nucleolar functions. Based on these results, we propose that JNK-mediated effects on nucleolar homeostasis and rRNA processing should be considered when interpreting cellular phenotypes observed in JNK-deficient cell and animal models.
V1 牛凤娟 声望 1 生物信息学 2019-04-23 19:15:25 上传
Lymphotoxin α, a novel target of posttranscriptional gene regulation by HuR in HepG2 cells
Abstract The role of the RNA-binding protein human antigen R (HuR) in hepatocarcinogenesis is still elusive. By employing short hairpin (sh)RNA-dependent knockdown approach, we demonstrate that lymphotoxin α (LTα) is a target of posttranscriptional gene regulation by HuR in hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells. Consequently, the increased mRNA decay upon HuR depletion significantly affects lymphotoxin expression at both, the mRNA and protein level. Biotin-pulldown assay showed that HuR specifically interacts with the 3′-untranslated region (3′-UTR) of the LTα mRNA. Furthermore, electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) implicates that the RNA-binding critically depends on the RNA recognition motif 2 (RRM2) and the hinge region of HuR.